A new promising area of medicine researches is the xenotransplantation, in another word transplantation of animal organs from one animal to another is now giving better expectations since it was first stated.
Researchers are now saying that there is more hope through the survey they published about the current state of xenotransplantation, and they said that the main point from this study is to find out if there is a possibility to use animals part in human, or the possibility to transplant a whole organ such as livers, lungs or hearts or it will be just in using some cell to make parts with faults have the function their suppose to do well such as pancreatic islets, which are parts that contain the endocrine cells that have the job of producing insulin in the pancreas.
The team doing this research is saying that due to development in genetic modifications that was made in animals such as pigs as a good example; the parts that was taken from these animals appeared to be more safe and having less possibility to attach the immunity system in human.
The researchers are so much full of hope, as they are saying that within two years clinical trial could be done to some parts of certain pigs by transplanting them into human, these part is suggested to be just about some cells or tissues, rather than thinking about using whole organs, as they haven’t actually resolved the problem that can happen in case of whole organ transplanting such as clots, severe bleeding other than a potential rejection to this organ by human body.
Now the team is officially saying that some transplantation methods are having some success such as the endocrine cells in the pancreas, other studies are being conducted in new Zealand if can you more tissues beside the hepatic portal vein in order to make the rates of surviving people with other diseases, other studies are trying to find out if an encapsulation system can be used which is keeping cells in capsules than can protect them from the immune system, and this type of researches would be so helpful in finding a cure to Type-1 Diabetes by using neonatal piglet islets which have been grown in labs rather than taking them always from animals.
They also said that new ways are being made to other parts of xenotransplantation such as a new way to take neuronal cells from pigs and implant in human in order to help in having the function back to patients with such ailments as Parkinson’s disease.